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A comprehensive analysis of technology characteristic of laser cutting machine

Date time:2016-7-23 11:08:01 Page view:
 A comprehensive analysis of technology characteristic of laser cutting machine
With the development of laser technology and mature, laser equipment has been widely application in all walks of life, such as laser marking machine, laser welding machine, laser drilling machine and laser cutting machine, and so on, especially CNC laser cutting machinery and equipment in recent years rapid development, is widely used in sheet metal, metal products, steel structure, precision machinery, auto parts, glasses, jewelry, nameplate, advertisement, arts and crafts, electronics, toys, packaging and other industries. Compared with other cutting equipment, CNC laser cutting machine is mainly reflected in the following aspects:
1, with high cutting speed, cutting quality is good, high precision;          
2, cut line is narrow, the cutting surface is smooth, does not damage the work piece;          
3, not affected by the shape of the workpiece, the material is not affected by the hardness;          
4, in addition to the processing of metal materials, but also for non metal cutting processing;          
5, saving investment, saving materials, more effective cost savings;          
6, the operation is simple, safe, stable performance, improve the speed of new product development, with a wide range of adaptability and flexibility.
Mechanical structure of metal CNC laser cutting machine is the most important part, not only most of the components are installed in the rack, and also the work gravity and acceleration and deceleration during the full impact loads.
CNC laser cutting machine design and development work including:
1, determine the CNC laser cutting equipment in a variety of conditions and the environment of fast, high precision, stable operation of the conditions.          
2, according to the functional requirements of the frame structure, parameters, combined with the structural characteristics of the laser cutting machine, the establishment of the corresponding dynamic model.          
3, the structure and parameters of the frame are studied, the influence of the parameters on the static and dynamic stiffness and thermal stability of the frame are studied, and the theoretical basis for the design of the frame is provided.          
4, determine the frame and other parts of the mutual coupling relationship
Therefore, CNC metal cutting machine designed in how to arrange the metals to reduce weight, increase body stiffness, reduce the effects of temperature change on accuracy, it is necessary to focus on the problems in the design process.
Therefore, in CNC metal cutting machine design how reasonable layout of metal, reduce weight, improve the body stiffness, reduce the influence of temperature change on the accuracy, is should be focus on the problem of the design process.
In the metal cutting laser circuit, there is a strong interference between analog signal and digital signal problem. Photoelectric isolation circuit is in electrical isolation to light for coal medium of transmission signal, the input and output circuit can isolate. So it can effectively suppress noise in the system, to clear the earth loop interference, responds faster, long service life, small volume, shock resistance etc. the benefits the in the strong - weak interface, especially in microcomputer system of backward and to the channel obtained widely application.
Photoelectric coupler has three characteristics:          
1, the signal is transmitted to take the form of electric light electricity, the light emitting part and the light receiving part are not in contact, which can avoid the feedback and the interference of the output end to the input end;          
2, the ability to suppress noise interference;          
3, with a durable, high reliability and high speed and other advantages, the response time is generally within a few, the response time of high-speed optoelectronic coupler and some even less than 10ns.
Therefore, in the numerical control laser cutting machine system circuit design, should pay attention to the isolation of the input signal circuit and SCM connection. Here, the use of photoelectric coupling is the most commonly used method.
In the industrial manufacturing system of heavy metal processing industry, a lot of metal materials, no matter what kind of hardness it is, can be carried out without deformation cutting. Of course, for high reflectivity materials, such as gold, silver, copper and aluminum alloys, they are also good heat transfer conductor, so the laser cutting machine is difficult, and even can not be cut.
In spite of the laser cutting machine specific technology was a huge advantage, but as a high-tech equipment to use laser cutting machine to achieve the ideal cutting and processing effect, must also master the processing technical parameters and operation processes. Especially in the metal laser cutting machine cutting process, to select the appropriate cutting speed, or may cause some undesirable cutting results, mainly in the following:
1, when the laser cutting speed is too fast, it will cause the following adverse results:          
①.Method of cutting, spark spraying;          
②.The cutting surface is inclined to the lines, and the lower part of the production of molten stains;          
③.Cause the whole section is rough, but no melt stain is produced;
2, on the contrary, when the laser cutting speed is too slow, it will cause:          
①.Melting condition, the cutting surface is rough.          
②.The slit width, in sharp parts of the whole.          
③.Affect the cutting efficiency.
Therefore, in order to make the laser cutting machine equipment to better play its cutting function, you can cut the spark from the laser equipment to determine whether the feed rate is suitable:          
1, if the spark from the top down, it indicates that cutting speed is appropriate;          
2, if the spark back tilt, it indicates that the feed rate is too fast;          
3, if the spark is not diffusion and less, together, it indicates that the speed is too slow.          
Most organic and inorganic materials can be used as laser cutting machine. Compared with other traditional cutting methods, laser cutting has obvious advantages compared with other traditional methods. Laser cutting machine has the characteristics of narrow slit, small deformation of the workpiece and high speed, high efficiency, low cost, safe operation, stable performance and so on.